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fly strike calf treatment

The flesh of the ewe was being eaten away and it was amazing how quickly the whole process was progressing. • Because there is an open wound, there is more chance of infection and fly strike. How Much Are Rabbits and What Does it Cost to Raise Them? To reduce fly breeding there is an advantage in killing larvae and certainly sheep … Call your veterinarian. It is important to remove the dampened hair where the larva are, so that it can completely dry. Her animals were well cared for and her barn was clean, but still, the flies had attacked her ewe. The principal control method of adult populations of myiasis inducing flies involves insecticide applications in the environment where the target livestock is kept. Her ewe had been attacked by a dog. Trim away the hair, wool, or fur and clean out the wound removing all maggots –  As with Botfly attacks, cleaning out the wound will result in a deep open hole that must be kept clean and treated daily. This is the way to approach established strikes as well. Obesity can make it impossible for a rabbit to clean urine or faeces from its fur and so can arthritis, which is made even more problematic by obesity. Clean out the wound with sterile saline solution. Do not apply an insecticide straight on the wound, but rather around the wound. We cleaned away the wool, exposing the wound and the wound was full of maggots. What is flystrike in rabbits? In livestock, using a fly repellent cream, such as Swat, around the affected area will also deter more flies from trying to attack the wound. For dogs prone to fly strike, there are various fly repellant ointments specifically made to help fight off flies and prevent fly strike. Flystrike treatment will also include daily cleaning and removal of any manure and feces from the area, in order to not attract more flies. CLiKiN provides six to nine weeks protection from flystrike. Producers should be aware of the potentially devastating feasting that flies can impose and have several products on hand. To make matters worse, once one fly species starts to infest a sheep’s skin, other flies will often settle in for the long haul, too. Your email address will not be published. I looked up information on what it was and to see if there was anything else I could be doing. Your email address will not be published. We have a good range of sheep fly control products available for the treatment and control of external parasites including Dectomax Injection, Clik pour on, Crovect, Vetrazin, Dysect and the new Ectofly.Sheep are under constant strain from external parasites, mainly blowfly but also lice, ticks and scab so choose a product now! The colour is temporary and will fade from the fleece within 48 hours of … Warm, Humid Weather I rushed her up to the house in a panic and immediately started flushing them out having to dig many out of her vent. A concise review of the causes of blowfly strike, the fly life cycle, control and treatment options are included here. Aftercare and Welfare • The calves should be moved into a clean dry environment with their mothers if still unweaned. Limit stress. Avoid leaving animals in the yard after dehorning. Heavy rains, manure, mud and spilled animal and poultry feed all attract flies and a fly bloom. The affected area may be tender, so handle the wound as gently as possible. Remove the wool from around the area to be treated using clippers or shears. developing fly strike due to an inability to effectively groom themselves and maintain personal hygiene. My ewe lamb was completely healed in about a week, even though the only thing I did for her was the initial treatment on the first day I found her with maggots. I have treated maggot cuts with hydrogen peroxide before with good results. This old girl always seems to bounce back and has outlived her entire orig flock. TREATMENT OF FLY STRIKE The most important part of treatment involves removing the maggots. Improving the drainage to the area might help, along with not allowing manure and spilled feed to go without being cleaned up. Initial treatments may require your dog to be anesthetized since it can be painful to eradicate maggots, larvae and remove dead or dying skin tissue. The underlying cause must be addressed to prevent fly strike from reoccurring. Like all young and vulnerable animals, calves succumb rapidly to diarrhoea – regardless of the cause – and urgent treatment is required. But the wound was oozing enough to begin soaking the wool. 2. Maggots hatch from the eggs and eat into the skin causing sores. I gave her some vitamins and antibiotics too. Segregate the affected chicken from the flock to avoid the possibility of cannibalism. It is a major cost to the sheep industry and causes significant loss of production each year – the development and implementation of a fly strike prevention strategy is an essential part of good sheep management. Cases noticed early, when the larva are still tiny, will respond to scrubbing and clipping hair, with the application of a fly repellent. 4. For the Prevention of Fly Strike After Marking. Then dunked her in salt.water repeatedly. At first, it was hard to get anyone to take it seriously, he says. Established blowfly strike on sheep: Apply directly to the maggot infected area as soon as the fly strike is seen. Pat the skin dry and allow it to air dry completely. Wash out the area with an antibacterial soap. Keep the animal in a dry, well-ventilated area. - Damp dirty bedding increases the risk of fly strike. Over the projectile there is a round perforated disk, when you fire the projectile along with the round disk, aiming at a fly, it hits the fly and the fly … Classic. Step Three – Daily Wound Care Clean out the wound with sterile saline solution. The 4-H Name and Emblem have special protections from Congress, protected by code 18 USC 707. The second control method is the treatment once the infestation is present, and concerns the infected animals (including humans). I would consider trying to get the calf cleaned up and treat any raw places or exposed skin. Flies will also attach to wounds and open sores. Red short term dye for the easy identification of treated lambs. I know it can be quite a challenge when heavy rains are followed by a warm day. The fly deems this the perfect home to … This combination of signs indicated that the calf is less than 5% dehydrated and treatment with oral electrolytes is indicated. This will help the skin heal and also make the area less inviting to the flies. The research also demonstrated that tea tree oil had a strong repellent effect against adult flies, which prevented eggs being laid on the wool for up to six weeks. I ran out of salt and used epson salts. Immediate treatment with Cyrex is required for any sheep with active flystrike. To treat active flystrike, a flystrike dressing solution needs to be made. This fly initiates most strikes, but other fly species include hair maggot flies, lesser brown blowflies, and other fly species. Lift wing and hold in place with thread-dam. StrikeForce®-S contains dicyclanil in a unique solution. We recommend keeping a very close eye on your rabbit over the warm summer months so … This can be a real danger for your livestock, and with the right conditions, you will need to know about flystrike in chickens, warbles in rabbits, and flystrike in almost any livestock with an open wound. To remove the living environment for stable flies , mow at least 30-50 feet around where calves are housed . 1,656 Posts . Notify me via e-mail if anyone answers my comment. Her skin was grey and slimy in places. Blood-sucking flies, such as horn flies (Haematobia irritans), stable flies (Stomoxys calcitrans), horse flies (Tabanus sp.) Read and follow the label directions. For the treatment and control of headflies, and treatment of ticks and biting lice in sheep. The laboratory-based fly strike research used formulations consisting of 1 percent tea tree oil which reliably led to a 100 percent kill rate of first stage maggots. Flies are attracted to any feces stuck on the animal’s fur and anal area. One application will ensure blowfly larvae are killed in a short time. Cyromazine Safety Data Sheet: Exit ® Sheep: An insect growth regulator (IGR) pour-on for sheep that controls both fly and lice. ), can cause severe stress and annoyance to cattle. Use a warm, damp towel can encourage maggot to come to the surface. Events such as weaning, dehorning, shipping and weather changes can compromise the animal’s immune system, making it susceptible to disease-causing viruses and bacteria. For the prevention and treatment of blowfly strike in sheep. 11 Fly Deterrent Tips for Effective Pasture Management, How Bot Fly Larvae Affect Livestock and Farm Income. © 2020, Countryside - All Rights Reserved, How the Bot Fly Causes Warbles in Rabbits. Treating fly strike Once you have found where the strike is, cut away all the affected wool and treat with your chosen chemical – use gloves and massage it well into the affected area. I trimmed feathers back and gently removed the caked poo. Clean the area and remove all maggots. Sadly it was to be too late for her, she passed in my hands the next afternoon. Wound care. When watery feces or matted fur with feces occurs, the flies lay their eggs on this area. Do whatever you can to manage this. Wash out the area with an antibacterial soap. Keeping my fingers crossed. Sheep Fly Control. Wool Residues: Ensure the time between treatment and subsequent shearing is at least two months except in the case of spot treatment of flystrike. The maggots will continue to eat the flesh and internal organs of the chicken or animal. This is every bit as disgusting as it sounds. For wool ensure the time between treatment and subsequent shearing is at least two months. I didnt see maggots at the time but she did have a smelly butt and seemed droopy. It is important to keep the feces from sticking to the animal’s genital area. Whether you have a full farming operation or keep chickens, rabbits, and goats on your homestead, flystrike treatment is information you need to know. They get Phar Lap, pavlova and Russell Crowe…we get their filthy fly. Biting flies are the most dangerous to newborn calves. Flies can attack and lay eggs into flesh of both knife cut and banded calves. Isolate the bird from the flock and place in a safe, comfortable, warm location (your own chicken "intensive care unit") with easy access to water and food. More than 100,000 species of two-winged fly species had been identified by the 1950s, and several attacked animals. I noticed she was a bit lethargic so I picked her up and when I turned her over to check her over, there were maggots in her vent. Several fly strike products (screw worm aerosols) containing 0.5% permethrin can be used to protect areas. Animals and flies seem to go hand in hand on a farm. Apply a fly repellent ointment, such as SWAT, to the irritated skin. While it is linked to unsanitary conditions, it does not always mean that you aren’t taking proper care of the animal. Clean and flush wound (making sure to remove all eggs and maggots). While only a select number of these species are common nuisances, the disruptions they cause to your horse's normal feeding and pasturing routines can be upsetting. She did have some runny poo caked on her vent. Aftercare and Welfare • The calves should be moved into a clean dry environment with their mothers if still unweaned. Close observation of calves that have been severely attacked by flies is critical. Rowe first heard about misuse of fly bait in the 1990s, and he started raising the issue with state and federal regulators in 2006. Stack the hair. Ocular, respiratory and neurological disease have been reported in cats. Spot On is a topical application for the control of lice and flies on cattle and ticks, lice, keds and established blowfly strike on sheep.Spot On keeps existing fly populations under control. Over the years, I have gotten fly strike on sheep, goats and recently a new born calf. Contains 250g/L cyromazine and 100g/L diflubenzuron in a “non- stripping” concentrate formulation, the only combination dip available containing these two actives. Discussion Starter • #1 • Jun 25, 2008. Isolate the rabbit, chicken or sheep, confining them to an area where you can monitor the progress carefully and administer flystrike treatment on a daily basis. We use Crovect but there are others available. If you calve in fly weather, the flies can lay eggs on the damp calf right after birth before it dries. Yuck. It is caused by the Lucilia sericata, or green bottle fly which is attracted to damp fur soiled with urine or soft faeces.. Each fly can lay up to 200 eggs on the skin, usually at the rear end of an animal, which then hatch into maggots within hours. A clear, pale gold, oil-based, ready to use topical ectoparasiticide containing deltamethrin 1% w/v. It is the perfect breeding ground if you are a fly. Crovect pour-on for sheep is a fly control for sheep for the prevention and treatment of blowfly strike in ewes and lambs. If animal manure piles up and is not composted properly, your fly population will increase past the point of annoyance. Diarrhea, loose stools, manure stuck on the anal opening and wet fur all attract flies to your animal, leading to flystrike. It's called "fly strike" - happens more to sheep. Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. For example, thorns in the bushes, kraals not properly constructed with wires sticking out … Fly spray should be applied to newborn calves if flies are present on the animal at a high and nuisance levels. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. Fly strike is a painful and potentially life-threatening disease in sheep. The maggots are layed directly on the animal by the adult fly. Fly strike is a problem when animals have an open wound but if dehorning is carried out in a hygienic manner, wounds heal up quickly. This is a horrible sight for even the most experienced farmer. This condition should be considered a serious emergency. deltamethrin or cypermethrin as an active ingredient) as instructed on the label around the area of flystrike e.g. 1. Offer the chicken vitamins & electrolytes in the drinking water for a day or two and keep her hydrated. This product contains a blue dye to aid in the identification of treated animals. Not noticing the presence of diarrhea, wet fur, urine-soaked fur and feces stuck to feathers for even half a day can give the flies time to lay thousands of eggs. She doesnt look great but def better.  In animals such as sheep that are heavily wool covered, you may not notice this until quite the infestation has started. Strategic preventative treatment of sheep early in the season has been proven to reduce fly population build-up 3 and consequently reduce the impact of blowfly strike on productivity. gadflies) (Hypoderma lineatum, Hypoderma bovis), cause a primary In less extreme cases, where the larvae and maggots have not invaded the tissue yet, the treatment is similar, yet not as messy. CALF BODY HAIR - The "preferred" hair by many for Comparadun wings. For the prevention and treatment of blowfly strike in sheep. treatment is achieved by the elimination of maggots from strike lesions and protection of the wound site for sufficient time to allow healing and the return of the skin to a non-susceptible state. Death can occur quite quickly if not noticed and treated. The withholding period for milk is 35 days and meat 7 days. Treatment of the current skin wounds is done with topical antibiotic and corticosteroid ointments. Rabbits are particularly susceptible to Flystrike if they are unable to keep themselves clean of urine and faeces.Urinary infection or bladder stones/sludge can cause urine dribbling, soaking the fur with urine and attracting flies. Screw worm sprays can be used on open wounds to protect from maggot development.  I honestly don’t know how large ranches with hundreds of sheep manage a case of flystrike. • The calves should be inspected closely for a 2 week period. Trim away the fur, wool, and hair. Treatment of Fly Strike Dermatitis in Dogs Treating fly strike dermatitis can be a long process depending on your dog’s overall health. Treatment: Early Fluid Loss The calf is still standing, the skin “tents for less than 4 seconds, the eyes are bright and the oral membranes are moist or slick. This is often fatal, due to infection or from toxic shock. The fly deems this the perfect home to raise a baby, so here the egg is layed. Outbreaks of blackleg have occurred in cattle on farms in which recent excavations have occurred or after flooding. Before you know it, flystrike has started. Flystrike occurs when certain types of fly lay their eggs on a rabbit, which then hatch into maggots. Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, gender identity, religion, age, height, weight, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, marital status, family status or veteran status. Flystrike is a new term to me as well. N.B. This unique formulation, developed and manufactured in Australia, provides farmers with up to 18 to 24 weeks of protection against blowfly strike, whilst having a low meat WHP of 14 days and an ESI of only 35 days. Flies are also attracted to the warm moist area around the genitals in livestock and chickens. Reference to commercial products or trade names does not imply endorsement by MSU Extension or bias against those not mentioned. A unique lice and fly combination concentrate insect growth regulator with proven actives for the use on all breeds of sheep. The electrolyte solution we used consisted of: 2 Quarts Water 1 TBS Salt 2 TBS Baking Soda 4 TBS Corn Syrup 1 TBS Beef Broth Concentrate program! You need the actual bot fly larvae to have a case of warbles but flystrike can happen to any animal, even our dogs, and cats. Wound dressing can aid to heal exposed flesh and protect against further fly strikes. Controlling fly problems on the entire herd will greatly minimize problems associated with fly strikes on newborn calves. I lost a mixed Japanese bantam hen last summer due to flystrike but at the time I had only heard the term and didn’t know really what it was. If conditions are favorable for high fly populations, newborns are at great risk. It was a valuable lesson learned and an experience I hope never to go through again. If you have livestock, you most likely battle the common stable fly, and you’re always on the hunt for effective fly deterrent strategies. Clean the little booger up as good as you can, spray it as needed and keep an eye on him. Since I calve end of aug to first of sept, I see it every so often - in fact I watch for it. CLiK™ is ideally suited for this purpose. When maggots hatch, they burrow deep into the flesh, feeding on the living tissue of its prey. Before she knew it, full-blown flystrike was happening. Her skin has dried out. Screw worm sprays can be used on open wounds to protect from maggot development. Wound disinfectants can be applied to the wound to reduce infection risks. Fly larvae cause alopecia and erosion/ulceration and may enter body cavities. To contact an expert in your area, visit https://extension.msu.edu/experts, or call 888-MSUE4MI (888-678-3464). As you wait for your vet, remove any visible maggots using a tweezer, avoid putting your bunny in water, and shave the affected area including any fur clogs that are wet. A fly spray that will take care of house flies and horse flies and other types of flies won't really bother blowflies, which are the type of fly that cause fly strike. I will never forget my first brush with flystrike. 2. I found her hiding in a nesting box sunday and when i pulled her out there were a lot of flies. If there are still loose bowel movements, treat this also. Today she is up and eating watermelon. When cleaning the wounds she missed an area at the base of the tail, under the wool. Chicken seems capable of surviving Nuclear war….on the mend today and eating food. Fly eggs mature and hatch quickly, which is a major factor in flystrike treatment. It uses a plastic projectile loaded on a spring to mechanically “swat” flies. 5. Ensuring adequate worming protocols. Producers who have begun fall calving season should give special attention to newborn calves. Re: Fly struck calf. For more information, visit https://extension.msu.edu. Cyrex protects sheep from blowfly for up to 12 weeks while Cyrex effectively treats lice on wool strains that are resistant to synthetic pyrethroids. I washed her with sprayer like 3 times at sink. Flies can be attracted by the embryonic fluid and then attack newborns. Treatment: Early Fluid Loss The calf is still standing, the skin “tents for less than 4 seconds, the eyes are bright and the oral membranes are moist or slick. 4 This combination of signs indicated that the calf is less than 5% dehydrated and treatment with oral electrolytes is indicated. Several fly strike products (screw worm aerosols) containing 0.5% permethrin can be used to protect areas. Ringed calves should lose … Wing can be tyed-in facing front or rear. Wound salves or creams are useful if infestation has been so great as to expose flesh. So what is flystrike? Thought for sure she was a goner. Ironically, the large culprit is the Australian Green Blow Fly. Just a few hours of an animal having caked on manure or runny poo stuck to its fur can be enough to attract flies and lead to flystrike. We look forward to delivering your much needed goods … Physically remove visible maggots in, on and surrounding the wound. Flush the area with a gentle soapy solution to cleanse the skin without causing further irritation. Crovect for Sheep will also treat lice and ticks. Apply a triple antibiotic cream (one that does not contain a pain reliever) inside and outside of the wound. I picked maggets.out of feathers with tweezers. This may work to some degree for horn flies, too. • Because there is an open wound, there is more chance of infection and fly strike. Use a fly strike treatment preparation (e.g. The severe negative welfare implications that fly strike can cause in sheep should be borne in mind as well as the considerable burden it places on farmers from a financial, emotional and stress perspective. The withholding periods are: 35 days for milk and 7 days for meat. To have a digest of information delivered straight to your email inbox, visit https://extension.msu.edu/newsletters. I put her in a cat carrier with some apple cider vinegar water and a little chick feed then put her in our enclosed porch. Now (October) is the time to be on the look out for fly strike in your herd. These flies live in nearby grassy areas, come in to feed and then fly back out. As some may remember I had been looking for a bottle calf highland heifer. This is a horrible disease, as these maggots then eat the rabbit’s flesh. Cattle grubs, the larva of heel flies (a.k.a. You can do a lot to take care of stable flies…. A Fly Gun is an improved derivative of a flyswatter or a fly-killing device.  It was a puncture wound and was not bleeding much. So, let’s get right into exploring flystrike treatment for chickens, rabbits, sheep, and other livestock. 3. This will help reduce inflammation and infection and provide a temporary mechanical barrier for the flies. ng outbreaks of Fly Strike by the Wohlfahr a Fly Concerns the larvae (maggots) of the Wohlfahr a Magnifica fly, which mul plies during hot and dry periods. Join experts to discuss the latest in animal welfare issues that face the beef cattle industry. Crovect for Sheep will also treat lice and ticks Cydectin 2% LA Injection for sheep, INJECTION FOR SHEEP I washed her and put her in a cage. Gently dry the affected area The next morning i checked on her and maggots fell off her. Flystrike can result in the death of the animal, so it is advisable to keep an eye on your livestock especially during moist, warm, fly-filled days. Fly control on mature cows is important. Also great for hi-vis posts on parachute patterns. For more information on protecting newborn calves from fly predators, contact me at wardynsk@anr.msu.edu or 906-884-4386. Removing manure accumulations and cleaning wounds before strike can occur is the key to preventing the problem. I helped a friend with flystrike in sheep. It can be used in all sheep including rams/tups, ewes and lambs. Flystrike is a nasty and painful condition for rabbits – and it can quickly kill. Heat and high humidity levels that returned to the Midwest brought nuisance flies to beef cattle. These scavenger flies do not deposit eggs on clean dry tissue; they select lingering wounds, accumulations of soft manure around … Crovect, Dectospot, Spotinor or Deltanil. WHITE HAIR can be tinted with our PRISMACOLOR marking pens (page 86). However, some sources encourage rinsing rabbits in water [5] Blowfly strike Routine crutching and dagging will reduce the risk of blowfly strike if started at the beginning of the risk period and repeated every four to six weeks. they get into the foot (usually attracted by foot rot) and then when the animal lies down the growing maggots transfer to the wool on the belly. Fly predation on newborn calves can render them nearly incapacitated and result in death. This article was published by Michigan State University Extension. The affected area may be tender, so handle the wound as gently as possible. Dosage. Frank Wardynski, Michigan State University Extension - Sheep: A ready to use spray-on for the prevention of blowfly strike in sheep. This information is for educational purposes only. by mowing around the calf area.  The first step was to clean out the wound, removing every last maggot. Fly & Lice Spot On Insecticide is a topical application for the control of lice and flies on cattle and ticks, lice, keds and established blowfly strike on sheep and ticks and lice on lambs. This fly is attracted to the foul odour of long, unshorn fleece, urine stained and daggy. You then have the satisfaction of seeing the maggots fall off the sheep. For treatment and prevention of infestations by ticks, keds and lice on sheep, the fleece should be parted and the Spot-On applied to the skin of the animal. Having this issue with a 10 year old barred rock hen. Eggs, usually laid below the tips of the fleece, hatch within 24 hours if conditions are moist. A topical application for the control of lice and flies on cattle and ticks, lice, keds and established blowfly strike on sheep and ticks and lice on lambs. Castration and dehorning of calves should be delayed until after the threat of flies is diminished. Navels should be dipped with strong tincture iodine to protect from navel infection and deter fly strikes. Treatment - If an animal is found to be infected with fly strike, it should immediately be removed from the flock and its wool shorn as close to the skin as possible around the affected area. About Feather-Craft. C chauvoei is found naturally in the intestinal tract of animals. Bathe the chicken, submerging the affected area in water, to assess the extent of the wound and drown as many maggots as possible. The eggs from the fly mature, hatch and the tiny maggots begin to burrow into the animal or chicken. Check out the Animal Science B.S. September 13, 2013. Then they keep laying eggs on the open oozing sites. Having a good worming strategy in place is important not only for the management of nematodes, but also for the management of fly strike. Special observation of newborn calves is critical. Fly strike can be prove deadly for sheep, with ammonia poisoning a probability. Common Flies of Cattle Jenny Halstead Several fly species are considered to be significant pests of both free-ranging and confined cattle. The Farmers Mailbox is an essential service and is operating as normal during the COVID-19 health issue. Removing manure accumulations and cleaning wounds before strike can occur is the key to preventing problems. « Reply #9 on: August 11, 2011, 10:41:47 am » maggots starting the foot is a common way of them infecting sheep. Although stress cannot be eliminated entirely from the cow/calf operation, it can be reduced through careful handling and sanitary conditions. Flies will concentrate at the part in the hair along the topline and continue until the hide is destroyed and flesh is exposed. There are thousands of species of flies in the United States. Jeffrey W. Dwyer, Director, MSU Extension, East Lansing, MI 48824. Required fields are marked *. Cyrex is a liquid containing both cyromazine and spinosad and is highly effective in killing flies and maggots. It seems that you can’t get the area cleaned up fast enough before the flies are hatching and are everywhere. In a homestead situation, it is something manageable, although time consuming and unpleasant. Fly strike begins when a female blow fly, usually metallic green bottle fly, lays a small batch of oblong white eggs on an attractive site. I patted her bottom some with paper towels to aid in drying and later applied some regular triple antibiotic ointment to ther area and inside her vent once dry. This is a way to approach established strikes as well. While we are open and fulfilling orders daily, we have adjusted hours to the following. and deer flies (Chrysops sp. Calf scours is the most common cause of illness in young calves and the disease has a number of causes. It should remain isolated in Chicken Hospital until the infection has healed fully. The fly is a"racted to all secre ons (blood, vulvar secre- Rainfast formulation - more persistence in fleeceNarrow spectrum activeNo resistanceVery safe for operators and sheepUse Elanco recommended spray-on applicator If your chickens, rabbits or other livestock have a case of runny poop, it makes them immediately a target for flies and flystrike. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer, committed to achieving excellence through a diverse workforce and inclusive culture that encourages all people to reach their full potential. Signs: fly strike occurs mostly in warm weather, and is usually preceded by soiling or moist dermatitis.

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